A Complete Guide of SEO: What is SEO? How Does It Work?

How SEO Works

One of the biggest questions nowadays in the digital marketing world is, What is SEO? How does it work? If you have a well-organized website, then why do you need SEO for ranking and getting traffic? Millions of people every month research SEO in search engines.

Every business success lies in this word. Therefore, showing up on the front page on Google is the main target for all business holders. 

But what does SEO mean? Is it designing your page? or Only writing something? Or Link-building?

Yes, your assumptions are correct, and it stands many more to explore.

Lets start the journey to know the most valuable topic!

What is SEO? How does it work?

What is SEO? 

SEO is the process of optimization according to the requirements of search engines. So that the search engine can easily give the correct information to the user. Each search engine has its own algorithm. We all know that SEO is Search Engine Optimization aiming to rank a website or any specific keywords in any search engine like Google, YouTube, Bing, Yandex, Baidu, etc. 

  • Quality of traffic. You can attract all the visitors in the world, but if theyre coming to your site because Google tells them youre a resource for Apple computers when really youre a farmer selling apples, that is not quality traffic. Instead, you want to attract visitors who are genuinely interested in the products that you offer.
  • Quantity of traffic. Once you have the right people clicking through from those search engine results pages (SERPs), more traffic is better.
  • Organic results. Ads make up a significant portion of many SERPs. Organic traffic is any traffic that you dont have to pay for.
  • A marketing discipline. Understanding SEO is crucial to all your marketing efforts because this way you will be able to drive traffic to your website and generate leads and conversions. You not only need to write content that Google likes but also content that will resonate with your audience.

Apart from these, lets point out that SEO is a process of optimizing a website to get organic and unpaid traffic from SERP(search engine result page). It is including some tasks - creating high-quality content, optimizing content around specific keywords, and building backlinks.

SEO is all about you because you are the searcher and the search engine.  When you want to study or find some articles then search on SERP. You always prefer to research Googles first page.

If you work on your article to make Google recognized, your post reaches the top results list when someone searches for that keyword.

SEO is magic. Lets explore in-depth; feel free to jump to any section that suits your interests:

At first, the question arises in our mind that why need this magic? We already have a business platform with an excellent website, then why invest in an SEO team?

Suppose you have a smoothie station with delicious and varieties drinks. But you see that customers are few as you expect. Why does this matter happen? The failings of your business publicity. People dont know you and your business, but they are familiar with search engines. To reach more, you need to contribute more to SEO. Here comes the importance of it.

SEO Factors

Lets explore some SEO factors, which is the pillar of establishing the heart of search engine optimization. 

On-page SEO

It is also known as on-site SEO with keyword title, meta description, heading tags(H1), internal links, and URLs. Mainly it represents the looks of your webpage how people get informed about your service. 

Off-page SEO

SEO helps you to create backlinks, citations, and any actions outside of a website. 

For example, if you write a blog or guest post, youre doing off-page site promotion. It helps to create a trustworthy authority in search engines.

It is a combination of articles, blogs, social marketing, link building, video, content, and many more. 

Everyone thinks, what is the use of technical SEO? But I must mention that it is the primary bricks to build an SEO building.

Most often think technical SEO is not as important as on-page SEO and off-page SEO. If you want to reach a top position on Google, then you never miss these factors. 

Technical SEO

Your website is your asset. So, you always maintain its security. Here the SEO helps you to secure your site with faster execution and easier crawling. It combines with advanced technical parts like SSL, XML sitemaps, meta tags, JavaScript indexing, linking, keyword research, structured data markup, and more. Every SEO factor is interlinked with each other.

To go further, we need to know the workflow of search engine optimization. How SEO interacts with Google and other search engines. Lets move on!

Types of SEO

Well, you already know the basic idea of SEO. Now its time to take a look at some of its components.

We all know Google maintains a strong algorithm to guard its services. Here backlink gives you a big list of traffic by providing your business door to door via search engines. 

But it would be best if you choose how well you want to grow your business. Every coin has two parts. So, its time to know about good and bad ethics which suits you.

Black Hat SEO

If you want to get rich in a quick scheme, then black hat SEO suits you best. Its main target is to optimize your content only for the search engine, not considering humans at all.

There are so many ways to break the rules and get a high rank. It is the principle of black hat SEOs to make a few thousand dollars very fast. But in the long run, the techniques bring the results as spammy, crappy pages that often get banned very fast.

It ruins all your efforts, and you always need to look out for updates of search engines and come up with new ways to overlook the regulations.

White Hat SEO

On the other hand, White hat SEO opens a way to build a robust and trustworthy online business. It follows all Google approved rules and techniques, which refer to long-lasting website optimization strategies just like SEO Analysis Lab.

White hat SEO only focuses on your human audience by researching an innovative and trendy keyword. Your creativity in content is the most effective weapon to rank higher in all search engines.

Unnatural link building is not accepted, but natural links can be provided by maintaining social media strategies. On-page optimization is a must element in white hat SEO.

Gray Hat SEO

Life is not bound in two colors. And SEO also does not differ from that rule. There is something middle black and white hat SEO, and that is Gray hat SEO. Lets discover it.

It is not as pure as a white hat and not as bad as a black hat. But if you want to play with fire, then follow gray hat SEO techniques. It doesnt follow Googles guidelines but can be acceptable still. It is technically legal but unsafe.

For example, Google doesnt refer to guest blogging to build links. But to make a connection through guest blogging is more effective. If your target is to create awareness and generate high-quality traffic for your brand, it may be verified.

Lets discuss 

Why does the Search Engine give importance to SEO?

In your mind, you always think, why give priorities to SEO? After all, you have no paying issues. But the simple answer is advertising. Yes, the search engine makes money by serving various page advertising. And here comes the point of SEO. 

After entering a search query, the page that is delivered to you is called SERP(search engine result page). It serves as an organic result page as well as pay-per-click ads(PPC). And SEOs main point is to earn organic traffic when the PPC ads are paid. But SEO allows you to spend less, make more. 

However, the more important part if you need healthy traffic, then you must develop your page interface. The audience is only familiar with your services with the help of search engines. Make a plan to deliver your best.

To go further, we need to know the workflow of search engine optimization. Because making a successful connection we gather knowledge at every point of SEO.

How does search engine optimization work?

Google ranks your web pages, not web sites - yes, it is the most important point to survive in the SEO world. SEO has three primary functions to complete the whole working process:

Crawling -> Indexing -> Ranking.

Google ranks your web pages, not web sites - yes, it is the most vital point to survive in the SEO world.


Search content or links on the pages for each URL they find and know about those they havent seen before. Google uses a computer program called spider to follow links on the pages.


It is the process to store and organize the content which is found out during crawling. When a page is indexed, then it is displayed as a result of relevant queries.


Best content = High-traffic. Providing creative and unique content is the best answer to searchers queries. And the results are offered the most relevant one.

In short,  A crawler functions main task is to gather all the content information they find over the internet. And every search engine (like Google, bing, yahoo, etc.) follows that function. The crawlers give back all results within 1s or 0s to the search engine to establish an index. And the index follows and maintains an algorithm that tasks are to match all data with your query.

Finally, we discover that SEO focuses on unique and informative content for any web page for making organic traffic. Every search engines goal is: To show the best and relevant results to its users.

A guide of complete SEO not only for beginers but also for entrepreneur. Now its up to you what the process you follow and how you want to optimize the search engine.

Want organic traffic for web pages then follows Googles algorithm. If you want video viewers, then its all about YouTubes algorithm.

So, in the future, well focus on ranking in the biggest search engine like Google.

But here comes the question -  how you optimize your content for SEO and are ranking factors matters for your webpage. To know the answer, then you must need to understand how the

Does the search engine work?

How does Search Engine work?

In the digital era, the search engine is like a library. Everyone prefers to store copies in web pages.

Search engine first list of known URLs, then go to the scheduler-the schedulers principal tasks to decide when to crawl each URL. When crawling of pages is done, then go to the parser where all vital information is indexed. The parsed links go to the scheduler. Search engines return the matching pages as a result, and algorithms rank them by relevance when users search for something. The mechanism used to build and maintain a web index is scheduling, crawling, indexing, and parsing.

Lets Move on to discuss shortly 

Search Engine Algorithm

Each search engine has its unique algorithms for ranking web pages. Firstly the puzzle can be solved by discovering and indexing content. Search engines are also concerned about ranking web pages. So, the algorithm maintains rank matching results when a user performs a search.

Its time to go deep in depth. Its time to go deep in depth. The most important point about these topics discussed below:


Google shows the best fit result for your search. For this reason, Google looks first-and-foremost for pages that are closely related to your keyword. The ranking is difficult but not impossible if you deliver exact information in a relevant keyword.

For example, when you search for Light, Fluffy butter cake recipes , you dont want to see web pages about accessories. That is called maintaining relevant property.


Authority comes with accurate and trustworthy content. Google likes and gives priority to authoritative pages.


You have relevant and authoritative content, but Google wont position that content at the top of search results. Why do these matters occur? You should identify the difference between higher quality content and useful one.

We have enough knowledge about SEO. Now, it is crying to know the importance of SEO. Why do we need SEO to get organic traffic? Lets discover together. 

Why is SEO important?

We already have a successful web page in the marketing world, then why do you need SEO? Yes, it is the standard and most precious question to justify.

We all know that a perfect webpage alone cant gather a satisfactory audience for responses and reviews. Then we discover the need for SEO.

  • Build trust & credibility

 Trusted authority can not earn and build overnight. It needs more potential, digital optimizations, patience, effort, and commitment to offer a valuable, quality product or service. 

  1. Quality backlink profiles.
  2. Positive user behavior.
  3. Machine-learning signals.
  4. Optimized on-page elements and content.
  • Better UX

  We are all busy focusing on organic rankings and maximum visibility. But few realize the power of user experience. The users always prefer to get information in a systematic and organized way. 

Customers know their needs and services details. But when they cant figure it out quickly, it might create a big problem. And website performance will suffer most.

  • Being updated

 We see the competition to stay on Googles first page. Google is a more secure and trusted search engine. And their achievement hides in updating thousands of algorithms. SEO helps you to face these problems and ensure your growth.

  • Long-term strategy

 When a website or service launches in the market, SEO takes some actions to observe the success rate. And the observation impact may take within the year, and many efforts have an effect that lasts more than several years.

  • Lead Generation

In our technological era, we all depend on Google to gather any kind of information. Here, comes the point of how we can benefit by applying SEO on our webpage. Quality SEO and a high-quality website reach more traffic. And collect more leads. If a webpage view is attracted by the audience then easily earn good leads.

  • Brand Visibility 

 Your webpage can gain a unique brand identity by structurally applying SEO. A unique identity with creative content increases brand visibility and awareness. 

  • Increased Traffic

 How can people find your page in a vast digital world do you know? 

Local SEOs mission is to optimize your digital properties so that you can reach thousands of visitors and put them one step closer to a transaction.

Better traffic + Organized SEO = Profitable Website.

  • Better Conversion

 SEO helps you to focus on specific towns, cities, regions, and even states to establish a brands messaging on a local level. 

Now its time to make up great content in Googles eyes.

Factors to catch Google concern


A rich-content blog post is a combination of all essential ingredients the keyword is related. If you maintain quality, then the ranking factors will not become an issue to bother.

It is excellent for a newbie to build writing habits daily and work your way up in increments from there.

  • Freshness of content

 If you post new content and update it with further information, it represents Googles freshness.

  • Direct answers

 Google likes to provide accurately and keyword relevant results on the SERP. If you provide content with precise information, then it will show up directly beneath the search bar.

Keyword research

It is the most crucial and essential task to start content writing. You need to invest more time researching targeted keywords in your posts headline and throughout the article.

Use of keywords

A perfect keyword matters most for a successful content. For this reason, we need to know the use of keywords and synonyms to understand your pages meaning. If you mention your keyword within some essential places (like headings, URLs, and meta descriptions), you dont need to say repeatedly.

SEO Fields

Here is the point to make you shine among your competitors.

Global SEO

The SEO, which refers to countries and regions audience for providing your service or business, is known as Global SEO. It would be best to optimize your customers languages, cultures, behavioral tendencies, local internet regulations, and policies. 

After completing Local SEO successfully, you then focus on Global SEO because of your service publicity and ranking. It provides large-scale services. We always select high authority keywords for Global scale.

We cover both global SEO tactics and translating existing content into a variety of languages.

International SEO

SEO consists of all different countries, languages, or both. It gives the rankings security when you want to spread your business internationally. The multilingual link building, content localization helps to serve targeting audiences. 

International SEO is the art of improving organic search and ensuring site ranks where you do business. There are two standard signals to target your site: ccTLDs(indicate country-based site preferences) and hreflang tags(indicate language or region). 

Local SEO

When you want to serve or rank your website in specific communities face-to-face, it is called local SEO. To increase search visibility in local-centric engagement, local SEO is a must.

Your service or business serves a particular city or focused origin. The most common keyword is near to me, which is suited for the local SEO keyword. This type of SEO provides a location on the Google search page, and a citation management system maintains the whole process


SEO is magic with a never-ending process and multidimensional science. Though it is tough to brief in one template, the rules, principles, inner works, analyzing and applying strategy, everything is described correctly. 

To grow and succeed in your business, you should always maintain ethical policies and concentrate on the Google algorithm that is updated rapidly. Bear in mind, your high authority keyword is your assets, and your competitors are your adviser. To fly high in the SEO world, need strong SEO guidelines on how it works and what it is?

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Some SEO related Important terms

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